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Learn about the Unique Formation of Iceland

The geology of Iceland is unique and of particular interest to geologists. Iceland lies on the divergent boundary between the Eurasian plate and the North American plate. It also lies above a hotspot, the Iceland plume, which is believed to have caused the formation of Iceland itself, the island first appearing over the ocean surface about 16 to 18 million years ago. The result is an island characterized by repeated volcanic activities and geothermal phenomena such as geysers.

Our guides are well versed in the geology behind the natural wonders we visit, offering a deeper understanding on how things came to be as they are.